Bengal Eagle Owl

Bengal Eagle Owl


Wooded areas and copsed woods.


 Any rodent really ,but will take small birds and snakes. As the snakes of India are poisonous ,the owl combats this by puffing itself right out and spreading its wings to make the snake attack .The snake attacks getting nowhere as the poison goes into the feathers and not the skin, rendering the  snake non poisonous ,the snake gets tired and the owl attacks.

The name Eagle owl indicates he is a large bird and is capable of taking large quarry .

The Bengal owl has orange eyes which means it prefers to fly at twilight ,proper name being crepuscular .

The large ear tufts dictate he is forest dwelling ,used for camouflage  .

Reversible talon ,can have three at front and one at the back or two at the front and two at the back.

These birds are endangered in their native country as third world countries are still using DDT on crops.This weakens the eggshell of the birds and also cause deformities in the young.

Life span is only about 5 years in the wild but around 25 in captivity.



The Peregrine Falcon is a medium-to-large sized raptor. Like other falcons, its dark head, distinctive dark “sideburns,” and subtle “moustache” easily recognize it. The adult Peregrine is slate grey above and pale below. Its throat and breast are white to buff coloured the rest of its underparts are light coloured with heavy, dark barring. It has a distinctly banded tail. The females are visibly much larger than the males. Juveniles are similar to the adults in their markings but are darker and usually colored brown with heavier barring or streaking on their underparts.

These raptors are not often vocal, but they will give a raucous and rapid kek-kek-kek-kek in defence or when disturbed near their nest.

This bird of prey will usually lay 3 to 4 faintly reddish eggs, which are heavily blotched with rusty red flecks. The Peregrine doesn’t build a typical nest; it makes a scrape on a rocky ledge or on another flat surface. Often it can be found nesting on cliff faces or even on the ledges of city buildings; the higher the building the better.

The Peregrine feeds almost exclusively on other birds, which it attacks in flight. Stooping at speeds of up to 150 miles per hour, the impact on its prey can be lethal. The Peregrine’s beak also has a small notch to aid in snapping the spinal column of its prey thus ensuring a quick-effective kill.

Well known as an endangered species, the Peregrine Falcon population faced near extinction as a result of residual pesticide accumulation in their diet of birds. However, captive breeding and persistent reintroduction programs have possibly given this species a second chance. These raptors are capable of living in urban areas and have been released in large cities. They prey upon large populations of pigeon, starlings, and other urban songbirds.

Common Buzzard (BUTEO BUTEO)


The common buzzard can be found almost all over Europe, Scandinavia and Russia.


The buzzard prefers small woodland areas that are surrounded by marshland, meadows and heath in undulating terrains. during the winter months the buzzard can be seen on the thermals of treeless areas.



The buzzard lays between 2-4 eggs in the middle of march, late April in Scandinavia.The buzzard only lays one clutch a year. The nest consists of sticks and twigs and lined with other available finer materials. The nest site can be situated in a tree or on a cliff ledge.


The buzzards diet mainly consists of small mammals, but large insects, reptiles, amphibians and earthworms have been known to make up the buzzards diet.

The buzzard makes a good bird for a newcomer to falconry.

Kestrel (Falco Tinnunculus)


The Kestrel is a falcon which can be found throughout Europe, Scandinavia, Russia and North Africa. The Kestrel has adopted its flight to hover 7-12 metres above the ground remaining stationary in the air using its binocular vision, to see its prey which can be as small as a beetle or worm.



Open countryside, Cultivated and Uncultivated land, Towns and Cities, but the most popular place to see a Kestrel is hovering alongside motorways and roads.


Kestrels do not build nests themselves, they will find themselves a nest site in church towers, hollow trees, electric pylons, farm buildings and even old crow nests in small woodlands.                    

The Kestrel lays  3-6 eggs between April and June.


The diet of the Kestrel consists mainly of small mammals, Insects and Worms. Common voles and Field voles are the main diet of this falcon, But when these are in short demand , the Kestrel has been known to take Water and Bank voles.

The Kestrel does not make a good bird in falconry for the beginner as its small size and weight need careful monitoring.

If it is used in falconry the most it would hunt for is a worm or possibly a mouse.

Harris Hawk ( Parabuteo Unicinctus )

Harris Hawk

The Harris Hawk is native only to the Americas, it ranges from Louisiana, Kansas, California, Texas, Mexico and as far as Vera Cruz and Chiapas in South America.


 Deserts with damp or wet areas, and dry sparse woodlands, are the preferred habitat of the Harris Hawk. 


The Harris Hawk nests in trees, the nest is a small platform structure made of sticks ,twigs, roots and lined with bark and moss. It lays 2-4 eggs.


The diet of the Harris Hawk consists mainly of mammals from desert rats to rabbits, and medium size birds such as ducks and rails, it most probably takes lizards as well.

The Harris Hawk makes an ideal hawk for use in falconry.